Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases, Second Edition

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Hal Blumenfeld, Yale University School of Medicine

The book can be ordered through the Sinauer Associates website. Sample content is also available.

About the Book

Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases brings a pioneering interactive approach to the teaching of neuroanatomy, using over 100 actual clinical cases and high-quality radiologic images to bring the subject to life. The Second Edition is fully updated with the latest advances in the field, and includes several exciting new cases. This approach allows students to appreciate the clinical relevance of structural details as they are being learned, and to integrate knowledge of disparate functional systems, since a single lesion may affect several different neural structures and pathways.

Most of the book comprises chapters that explain the major neuroanatomical systems. Each chapter first presents background material including an overview of relevant neuroanatomical structures and pathways, and a brief discussion of related clinical disorders. The second half of each chapter is devoted to clinical cases. The cases begin with a narrative of how the patient developed symptoms, and what deficits were found upon neurological examination. Boldface type highlights important symptoms and signs. A series of questions challenges the reader to deduce the neuroanatomical location of the patient’s lesion, and the diagnosis. Discussion and answers follow, and an epilogue reveals the actual outcome. One of the book’s most innovative features is the inclusion of CT and MRI scans that depict each patient’s lesion. These radiographs help the reader develop skills in interpreting the same kinds of diagnostic images employed in clinical practice.

The book is intended primarily for first- or second-year medical students enrolled in a basic neuroanatomy, neurobiology or neuroscience course. It is also a valuable resource for advanced medical students and residents, as well as students of other health professions, including neuropsychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nursing, dentistry, and speech therapy.

About the Author

Hal Blumenfeld is Professor in the Departments of Neurology, Neurobiology, and Neurosurgery at Yale University School of Medicine. He has taught neuroanatomy at Harvard, Yale, and Columbia Universities using the approach of Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases, which the students greeted with highly favorable feedback. He recently received the prestigious Francis Gilman Blake Award, as the most outstanding teacher of medical sciences at the Yale School of Medicine, and the Dreifuss-Penry Epilepsy Research Award from the American Academy of Neurology. He has also been awarded several major grants (from the National Institutes of Health, and private foundations) to pursue his research, which focuses on epilepsy as a model system for investigating consciousness. Current projects include neuroimaging, neurophysiology, and behavioral experiments in animal models of epilepsy, and direct application to human patients. His clinical training included an internship in Internal Medicine at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, a residency in Neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital, and a fellowship in Epilepsy at Yale University School of Medicine. He studied Bioelectrical Engineering at Harvard University, then earned a Ph.D. (in Physiology and Cellular Biophysics) as well as his M.D. at Columbia University. Dr. Blumenfeld’s previous publications include numerous articles in peer reviewed journals, as well as two volumes in the Let’s Go travel guidebook series.

Contents

Contents
  1. Introduction to Clinical Case Presentations
    • The General History and Physical Exam
    • Neurologic Differential Diagnosis
    • Relationship between the General Physical Exam and the Neurologic Exam
    • Conclusions
  2. Neuroanatomy Overview and Basic Definitions
    • Basic Macroscopic Organization of the Nervous System
    • Basic Cellular and Neurochemical Organization of the Nervous System
    • CNS Gray Matter and White Matter; PNS Ganglia and Nerves
    • Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System
    • Cerebral Cortex: Basic Organization and Primary Sensory and Motor Areas
    • Motor Systems
    • Somatosensory Systems
    • Stretch Reflex
    • Brainstem and Cranial Nerves
    • Limbic System
    • Association Cortex
    • Blood Supply to the Brain and Spinal Cord
    • Conclusions
  3. The Neurologic Exam as a Lesson in Neuroanatomy
    • Overview of the Neurologic Exam
    • neuroexam.com
    • The Neurologic Exam: Examination Technique and What Is Being Tested
    • The Neurologic Exam as a Flexible Tool
    • Coma Exam
    • Brain Death
    • Conversion Disorder, Malingering, and Related Disorders
    • The Screening Neurologic Exam
    • Conclusions
  4. Introduction to Clinical Neuroradiology
    • Imaging Planes
    • Computerized Tomography
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Neuroangiography
    • Functional Neuroimaging
    • Conclusions
    • NEURORADIOLOGICAL ATLAS
  5. Brain and Environs: Cranium, Ventricles, and Meninges
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Cranial Vault and Meninges
    • Ventricles and Cerebrospinal Fluid
    • Blood-Brain Barrier
    • KCC 5.1 Headache
    • KCC 5.2 Intracranial Mass Lesions
    • KCC 5.3 Elevated Intracranial Pressure
    • KCC 5.4 Brain Herniation Syndromes
    • KCC 5.5 Head Trauma
    • KCC 5.6 Intracranial Hemorrhage
    • KCC 5.7 Hydrocephalus
    • KCC 5.8 Brain Tumors
    • KCC 5.9 Infectious Disorders of the Nervous System
    • KCC 5.10 Lumbar Puncture
    • KCC 5.11 Craniotomy
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 5.1 An Elderly Man with Headaches and Unsteady Gait
    • 5.2 Altered Mental Status Following Head Injury
    • 5.3 Delayed Unresponsiveness after Head Injury
    • 5.4 Headache and Progressive Left-Sided Weakness
    • 5.5 Sudden Coma and Bilateral Posturing during Intravenous Anticoagulation
    • 5.6 Severe Head Injury
    • 5.7 A Child with Headaches, Nausea, and Diplopia
    • 5.8 Headaches and Progressive Visual Loss
    • 5.9 An Elderly Man with Progressive Gait Difficulty, Cognitive Impairment, and Incontinence
    • 5.10 A Young Man with Headache, Fever, Confusion, and Stiff Neck
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
    • A Scuba Expedition through the Brain
  6. Corticospinal Tract and Other Motor Pathways
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Motor Cortex, Sensory Cortex, and Somatotopic Organization
    • Basic Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
    • General Organization of the Motor Systems
    • Lateral Corticospinal Tract
    • Autonomic Nervous System
    • KCC 6.1 Upper Motor Neuron versus Lower Motor Neuron Lesions
    • KCC 6.2 Terms Used to Describe Weakness
    • KCC 6.3 Weakness Patterns and Localization
    • KCC 6.4 Detecting Subtle Hemiparesis at the Bedside
    • KCC 6.5 Unsteady Gait
    • KCC 6.6 Multiple Sclerosis
    • KCC 6.7 Motor Neuron Disease
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 6.1 Sudden Onset of Right Hand Weakness
    • 6.2 Sudden Onset of Left Foot Weakness
    • 6.3 Sudden Onset of Right Face Weakness
    • 6.4 Pure Motor Hemiparesis I
    • 6.5 Pure Motor Hemiparesis II
    • 6.6 Progressive Weakness, Muscle Twitching, and Cramps
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  7. Somatosensory Pathways
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Main Somatosensory Pathways
    • Posterior Column-Medial Lemniscal Pathway
    • Spinothalamic Tract and Other Anterolateral Pathways
    • Somatosensory Cortex
    • Central Modulation of Pain
    • The Thalamus
    • KCC 7.1 Paresthesias
    • KCC 7.2 Spinal Cord Lesions
    • KCC 7.3 Sensory Loss, Patterns, and Localization
    • KCC 7.4 Spinal Cord Syndromes
    • KCC 7.5 Anatomy of Bowel, Bladder, and Sexual Function
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 7.1 Sudden Onset of Right Arm Numbness
    • 7.2 Sudden Onset of Right Face, Arm, and Leg Numbness
    • 7.3 A Fall Causing Paraplegia and a T10 Sensory Level
    • 7.4 Left Leg Weakness and Right Leg Numbness
    • 7.5 Sensory Loss over Both Shoulders
    • 7.6 Body Tingling and Unsteady Gait
    • 7.7 Hand Weakness, Pinprick Sensory Level, and Urinary Retention
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  8. Spinal Nerve Roots
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Segmental Organization of the Nervous System
    • Nerve Roots in Relation to Vertebral Bones, Discs, and Ligaments
    • Dermatomes and Myotomes
    • KCC 8.1 Disorders of Nerve, Neuromuscular Junction, and Muscle
    • KCC 8.2 Back Pain
    • KCC 8.3 Radiculopathy
    • Simplification: Three Nerve Roots to Remember in the Arm
    • Simplification: Three Nerve Roots to Remember in the Leg
    • KCC 8.4 Cauda Equina Syndrome
    • KCC 8.5 Common Surgical Approaches to the Spine
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 8.1 Unilateral Neck Pain and Tingling Numbness in the Thumb and Index Finger
    • 8.2 Unilateral Occipital and Neck Pain
    • 8.3 Unilateral Shoulder Pain and Weakness
    • 8.4 Blisters, Pain, and Weakness in the Left Arm
    • 8.5 Unilateral Shoulder Pain and Numbness in the Index and Middle Fingers
    • 8.6 Unilateral Neck Pain, Hand Weakness, and Numbness in the Ring and Little Fingers
    • 8.7 Pain and Numbness in the Medial Arm
    • 8.8 Low Back Pain Radiating to the Sole of the Foot and the Small Toe
    • 8.9 Unilateral Thigh Weakness with Pain Radiating to the Anterior Shin
    • 8.10 Low Back Pain Radiating to the Big Toe
    • 8.11 Saddle Anesthesia with Loss of Sphincteric and Erectile Function
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  9. Major Plexuses and Peripheral Nerves
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Brachial and Lumbosacral Plexuses
    • Simplification: Five Nerves to Remember in the Arm
    • Simplification: Three Nerves Acting on the Thumb
    • Intrinsic and Extrinsic Hand Muscles
    • Simplification: Five Nerves to Remember in the Leg
    • KCC 9.1 Common Plexus and Nerve Syndromes
    • KCC 9.2 Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Studies
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 9.1 Complete Paralysis and Loss of Sensation in One Arm
    • 9.2 A Newborn with Weakness in One Arm
    • 9.3 A Blow to the Medial Arm Causing Hand Weakness and Numbness
    • 9.4 Nocturnal Pain and Tingling in the Thumb, Pointer, and Middle Finger
    • 9.5 Hand and Wrist Weakness after a Fall
    • 9.6 Numbness and Tingling in the Pinky and Ring Finger
    • 9.7 Unilateral Thigh Pain, Weakness, and Numbness in a Diabetic
    • 9.8 Tingling and Paralysis of the Foot after a Fall
    • 9.9 A Leg Injury Resulting in Foot Drop
    • 9.10 Lateral Thigh Pain and Numbness after Pregnancy
    • 9.11 Dysarthria, Ptosis and Decreased Exercise Tolerance
    • 9.12 Generalized Weakness and Areflexia
    • 9.13 Mysterious Weakness after Dinner
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  10. Cerebral Hemispheres and Vascular Supply
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Review of Main Functional Areas of Cerebral Cortex
    • Circle of Willis: Anterior and Posterior Circulations
    • Anatomy and Vascular Territories of the Three Main Cerebral Arteries
    • KCC 10.1 Clinical Syndromes of the Three Main Cerebral Arteries
    • KCC 10.2 Watershed Infarcts
    • KCC 10.3 Transient Ischemic Attack and Other Transient Neurologic Episodes
    • KCC 10.4 Ischemic Stroke: Mechanisms and Treatment
    • KCC 10.5 Carotid Stenosis
    • KCC 10.6 Dissection of the Carotid or Vertebral Arteries
    • Venous Drainage of the Cerebral Hemispheres
    • KCC 10.7 Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 10.1 Sudden-Onset Worst Headache of Life
    • 10.2 Left Leg Weakness and Left Alien Hand Syndrome
    • 10.3 Decreased Vision on One Side
    • 10.4 Transient Episodes of Left Eye Blurriness or Right Hand Weakness
    • 10.5 Nonfluent Aphasia with Right Face and Arm Weakness
    • 10.6 “Talking Ragtime”
    • 10.7 Dysarthria and Hemiparesis
    • 10.8 Global Aphasia, Right Hemiplegia, and Hemianopia
    • 10.9 Left Face and Arm Weakness
    • 10.10 Left Hemineglect
    • 10.11 Left Hemineglect, Hemiplegia, and Hemianopia
    • 10.12 Unilateral Proximal Arm and Leg Weakness
    • 10.13 Right Frontal Headache and Left Arm Numbness in a Woman with Gastric Carcinoma
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  11. Visual System
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Eyes and Retina
    • Optic Nerves, Optic Chiasm, and Optic Tracts
    • Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Extrageniculate Pathways
    • Optic Radiations to Primary Visual Cortex
    • Visual Processing in the Neocortex
    • KCC 11.1 Assessment of Visual Disturbances
    • KCC 11.2 Localization of Visual Field Defects
    • KCC 11.3 Blood Supply and Ischemia in the Visual Pathways
    • KCC 11.4 Optic Neuritis
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 11.1 A Dark Spot Seen with One Eye
    • 11.2 Vision Loss in One Eye
    • 11.3 Menstrual Irregularity and Bitemporal Hemianopia
    • 11.4 Hemianopia after Treatment for a Temporal Lobe Tumor
    • 11.5 Visual Changes Caused by Migraine Headaches?
    • 11.6 Sudden Loss of Left Vision
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  12. Brainstem I: Surface Anatomy and Cranial Nerves
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Surface Features of the Brainstem
    • Skull Foramina and Cranial Nerve Exit Points
    • Sensory and Motor Organization of the Cranial Nerves
    • Functions and Course of the Cranial Nerves
    • CN I: Olfactory Nerve
    • KCC 12.1 Anosmia (CN I)
    • CN II: Optic Nerve
    • CN III, IV, and VI: Oculomotor, Trochlear, and Abducens Nerves
    • CN V: Trigeminal Nerve
    • KCC 12.2 Trigeminal Nerve Disorders (CN V)
    • CN VII: Facial Nerve
    • KCC 12.3 Facial Nerve Lesions (CN VII)
    • KCC 12.4 Corneal Reflex and Jaw Jerk Reflex (CN V, VII)
    • CN VIII: Vestibulocochlear Nerve
    • KCC 12.5 Hearing Loss (CN VIII)
    • KCC 12.6 Dizziness and Vertigo (CN VIII)
    • CN IX: Glossopharyngeal Nerve
    • CN X: Vagus Nerve
    • CN XI: Spinal Accessory Nerve
    • CN XII: Hypoglossal Nerve
    • KCC 12.7 Disorders of CN IX, X, XI, and XII
    • KCC 12.8 Hoarseness, Dysarthria, Dysphagia, and Pseudobulbar Affect
    • Review: Cranial Nerve Combinations
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 12.1 Anosmia and Visual Impairment
    • 12.2 Cheek Numbness and a Bulging Eye
    • 12.3 Jaw Numbness and Episodes of Loss of Consciousness
    • 12.4 Isolated Facial Weakness
    • 12.5 Hearing Loss and Dizziness
    • 12.6 Hoarse Voice Following Cervical Disc Surgery
    • 12.7 Hoarseness, with Unilateral Wasting of the Neck and Tongue Muscles
    • 12.8 Uncontrollable Laughter, Dysarthria, Dysphagia, and Left-Sided Weakness
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  13. Brainstem II: Eye Movements and Pupillary Control
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Extraocular Muscles, Nerves, and Nuclei
    • KCC 13.1 Diplopia
    • KCC 13.2 Oculomotor Palsy (CN III)
    • KCC 13.3 Trochlear Palsy (CN IV)
    • KCC 13.4 Abducens Palsy (CN VI)
    • The Pupils and Other Ocular Autonomic Pathways
    • KCC 13.5 Pupillary Abnormalities
    • KCC 13.6 Ptosis
    • Cavernous Sinus and Orbital Apex
    • KCC 13.7 Cavernous Sinus Syndrome (CN III, IV, VI, V1) and Orbital Apex Syndrome (CN II, III, IV, VI, V1)
    • Supranuclear Control of Eye Movements
    • KCC 13.8 Brainstem Lesions Affecting Horizontal Gaze
    • KCC 13.9 Parinaud's Syndrome
    • KCC 13.10 Right-Way Eyes and Wrong-Way Eyes
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 13.1 Double Vision and Unilateral Eye Pain
    • 13.2 A Diabetic with Horizontal Diplopia
    • 13.3 Vertical Diplopia
    • 13.4 Left Eye Pain and Horizontal Diplopia
    • 13.5 Unilateral Headache, Ophthalmoplegia, and Forehead Numbness
    • 13.6 Ptosis, Miosis, and Anhidrosis
    • 13.7 Wrong-Way Eyes
    • 13.8 Horizontal Diplopia in a Patient with Multiple Sclerosis
    • 13.9 Headaches and Impaired Upgaze
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  14. Brainstem III: Nuclei, Pathways, and Vascular Supply
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Main Components of the Brainstem
    • Brainstem Sections
    • Cranial Nerve Nuclei and Related Structures
    • Long Tracts
    • KCC 14.1 Locked-in Syndrome
    • Cerebellar Circuitry
    • Reticular Formation and Related Structures
    • Widespread Projection Systems of Brainstem and Forebrain: Consciousness, Attention, and Other Functions
    • Anatomy of the Sleep-Wake Cycle
    • KCC 14.2 Coma and Related Disorders
    • Reticular Formation Motor, Reflex, and Autonomic Systems
    • Brainstem Vascular Supply
    • KCC 14.3 Vertebrobasilar Vascular Disease
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 14.1 Face and Contralateral Body Numbness, Hoarseness, Horner's syndrome, and Ataxia
    • 14.2 Hemiparesis Sparing the Face
    • 14.3 Dysarthria and Hemiparesis
    • 14.4 Unilateral Face Numbness, Hearing Loss, and Ataxia
    • 14.5 Locked In
    • 14.6 Wrong-Way Eyes, Limited Upgaze, Decreased Responsiveness, and Hemiparesis with an Amazing Recovery
    • 14.7 Diplopia and Unilateral Ataxia
    • 14.8 Intermittent Memory Loss, Diplopia, Sparkling Lights, and Somnolence
    • 14.9 Intractable Hiccups
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  15. Cerebellum
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Cerebellar Lobes, Peduncles, and Deep Nuclei
    • Microscopic Circuitry of the Cerebellum
    • Cerebellar Output Pathways
    • Cerebellar Input Pathways
    • Vascular Supply to the Cerebellum
    • KCC 15.1 Cerebellar Artery Infarcts and Cerebellar Hemorrhage
    • KCC 15.2 Clinical Findings and Localization of Cerebellar Ataxia
    • KCC 15.3 Differential Diagnosis of Ataxia
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 15.1 Sudden Onset of Unilateral Ataxia
    • 15.2 Walking like a Drunkard
    • 15.3 A Boy with Headaches, Nausea, Slurred Speech, and Ataxia
    • 15.4 Nausea, Progressive Unilateral Ataxia, and Right Face Numbness
    • 15.5 A Family with Slowly Progressive Ataxia and Demetia
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  16. Basal Ganglia
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Basic Three-Dimensional Anatomy of the Basal Ganglia
    • Input, Output, and Intrinsic Connections of the Basal Ganglia
    • Parallel Basal Ganglia Pathways for Movement, Eye Movement, Cognition, and Emotion
    • Ansa Lenticularis, Lenticular Fasciculus, and the Fields of Forel
    • KCC 16.1 Movement Disorders
    • KCC 16.2 Parkinson's Disease and Related Disorders
    • KCC 16.3 Huntington's Disease
    • KCC 16.4 Stereotactic Surgery and Deep Brain Stimulation
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 16.1 Unilateral Flapping and Flinging
    • 16.2 Irregular Jerking Movements and Marital Problems
    • 16.3 Asymmetrical Resting Tremor, Rigidity, Bradykinesia, and Gait Difficulties
    • 16.4 Bilateral Bradykinesia, Rigidity, and Gait Instability with No Tremor
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  17. Pituitary and Hypothalamus
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Overall Anatomy of the Pituitary and Hypothalamus
    • Important Hypothalamic Nuclei and Pathways
    • Endocrine Functions of the Pituitary and Hypothalamus
    • KCC 17.1 Pituitary Adenoma and Related Disorders
    • KCC 17.2 Diabetes Insipidus and SIADH
    • KCC 17.3 Panhypopituitarism
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 17.1 Moon Facies, Acne, Amenorrhea, and Hypertension
    • 17.2 Impotence, Anorexia, Polyuria, Blurred Vision, Headaches, and Hearing Loss
    • 17.3 A Child with Giggling Episodes and Aggressive Behavior
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  18. Limbic System: Homeostasis, Olfaction, Memory, and Emotion
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • Overview of Limbic Structures
    • Olfactory System
    • Hippocampal Formation and Other Memory-Related Structures
    • KCC 18.1 Memory Disorders
    • The Amygdala: Emotions, Drives, and Other Functions
    • Other Limbic Pathways
    • KCC 18.2 Seizures and Epilepsy
    • KCC 18.3 Anatomical and Neuropharmacological Basis of Psychiatric Disorders
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 18.1 Sudden Memory Loss after a Mild Head Injury
    • 18.2 Progressive Severe Memory Loss, with Mild Confabulation
    • 18.3 Transient Diplopia, Lethargy, and Hemiparesis, Followed by a Sustained Memory Deficit
    • 18.4 Episodes of Panic, Olfactory Hallucinations, and Loss of Awareness
    • 18.5 Episodes of Staring, Lip Smacking, and Unilateral Semipurposeful Movements
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE
  19. Higher-Order Cerebral Function
    • ANATOMICAL AND CLINICAL REVIEW
    • KCC 19.1 The Mental Status Exam
    • Unimodal and Heteromodal Association Cortex
    • Principles of Cerebral Localization and Lateralization
    • The Dominant Hemisphere: Language Processing and Related Functions
    • KCC 19.2 Differential Diagnosis of Language Disorders
    • KCC 19.3 Bedside Language Exam
    • KCC 19.4 Broca's Aphasia
    • KCC 19.5 Wernicke's Aphasia
    • KCC 19.6 Simplified Aphasia Classification Scheme
    • KCC 19.7 Other Syndromes Related to Aphasia
    • KCC 19.8 Disconnection Syndromes
    • The Nondominant Hemisphere: Spatial Processing and Lateralized Attention
    • KCC 19.9 Hemineglect Syndrome
    • KCC 19.10 Other Clinical Features of Nondominant Hemisphere Lesions
    • The Frontal Lobes: Anatomy and Functions of an Enigmatic Brain Region
    • KCC 19.11 Frontal Lobe Disorders
    • Visual Association Cortex: Higher-Order Visual Processing
    • KCC 19.12 Disorders of Higher-Order Visual Processing
    • KCC 19.13 Auditory Hallucinations
    • The Conciousness System Revisited: Anatomy of Attention and Awareness
    • KCC 19.4 Attentional Disorders
    • KCC 19.5 Delirium and Other Acute Mental Status Disorders
    • KCC 19.6 Dementia and Other Chronic Mental Status Disorders
    • CLINICAL CASES
    • 19.1 Acute Severe Aphasia, with Improvement
    • 19.2 Nonsensical Speech
    • 19.3 Aphasia with Preserved Repetition
    • 19.4 Impaired Repetition
    • 19.5 Inability to Read, with Preserved Writing Skills
    • 19.6 Left Hemineglect
    • 19.7 Abulia
    • 19.8 Blindness without Awareness of Deficit
    • 19.9 Sudden Inability to Recognize Faces
    • 19.10 Musical Hallucinations
    • 19.11 Progressive Dementia, Beginning with Memory Problems
    • Additional Cases
    • BRIEF ANATOMICAL STUDY GUIDE

The book can be ordered through the Sinauer Associates website.